We live in a time when photography is becoming more and more common and access to photography is getting easier day by day. Especially the images recorded on the mobile phone are so much that we are worried about the number of photos produced, rather than quality. But what matters in photography is quality, not quantity. Artistic quality rather than optical quality can also be enhanced by the camera that takes any kind of photograph. The most important issues for the artistic-technical quality that I am trying to talk about is the fact that photography can be framed correctly. In this article, I will talk about how to choose the right framing in the photo, what should be done to get the right framing, starting from frequent framing errors. As a result, I aimed to reach the ideal (desired) photo.

What is Framing? Framing in Photography

First of all, what does framing mean in photography? How to Correct Framing? Let us briefly consider the questions: Framing is briefly drawing the boundaries of the photo, framing it. In other words, it is choosing what to take and not to take in the photo. Correct framing is to frame the objects to be photographed according to certain rules in order to create the photograph more aesthetically. In the photo is directly related to the composition. The framing techniques that I will try to explain in a short time can also be examined within the framework of the photo composition rules. The reason for my review in a separate title is to increase the aesthetics to a certain extent in the “photo” produced by millions per day. We will focus on getting framing by skipping other composition rules.

I will continue my article by explaining the frequent photo framing errors and their solutions.

Framing and Framing Mistkes in Photography

Mistake 1: Leaving too much free space, except for the subject to be shot

There is a subject in the photographs and this is what we want to take. The subject is always there. Even if hundreds of photos are taken, each of these hundreds of photos has a subject individually. (Except for photographs taken by babies for toy intent). Apart from the subject, the biggest framing error in many photographs is that there are empty (off-topic) – useless areas in many parts of the frame. This error will also reduce the importance of the subject by appearing much smaller than it is in the eye.

The first of the framing errors in the photo: In the photo above, too much space was left on the sky and the earth, and the main subject was the car in a very small area. Therefore, the subject could not be described in the photograph as desired.

Mistake 2: The issue is not lean; a lot of complicated extra elements entering the frame

Let’s first look at what it means to enter the frame in the photo. Entering the frame; an object is included in the area to be photographed. It is also called alama that the photographer takes the subject into the frame.

One of the biggest mistakes in photography is object confusion. Excessive objects will lead to concept confusion. What the photograph wants to tell will not be revealed; on the contrary, assuming that every object in the frame has a subject, it will distribute the subject. The photo is plain more beautiful. A lean expression is always much stronger. When framing the photo, it is necessary to frame it in such a way that it does not move away from the essence of the subject and not to include any object in the photo as soon as possible.

There are so many elements in this photo that the audience doesn’t know where to focus. It is not obvious what you want to be told. The photo below is simpler and simpler. Therefore, the pole that is wanted to be explained emerges. The mother water turtle and her babies sunbathing on the balcony of her house form a beautiful composition. Distractions are not in the frame.


Error 3: To narrow the subject by cutting it out of the ground as soon as possible

If some photos are supported with auxiliary items, it can strengthen its meaning. In such photos, it would be very convenient to include not only the subject but also the side subject in the photograph. It is necessary to convey the most intense meaning to the viewer with a photo. If you have a helpful subject to be included in the photo, be sure to use it. Do not leave it out of the frame.

Our character, who is busy with something, has a sweet smile on his face. But when the photo was cut from an unnecessary place, the subject did not appear. We cannot understand why our character is delighted. Framing is not correct.
Contrary to the photograph above, the subject was fully described in this photograph. Happiness, work, where he was, etc. appeared on the face of our character. The right frame has been selected.

Another situation of cutting from the wrong places is that the creatures are cut from the joints. It is necessary to avoid this mistake, which creates an ugly image in the photo.

The limbs of animals or humans should not be cut, especially at the joints.


4. Error: Including the light source in the frame and burning the photograph

The most important light source we use in the photo is the sun. Using the sun as a light source is not about taking the sun as a subject. Since the sun has a very intense power, the machine either exposes the exposure to the darkness or explodes the sun while taking exposure. Both are undesirable situations. It is best not to introduce the sun or intense light source into the frame. Otherwise, half of the photo will be completely white (it will burn). No tissue will be evident.

One of the most common framing mistakes in photography. more or less exposure. The sun setting behind the trees is heavily involved in the frame. In the next photograph, the shutter speed was changed, reducing the amount of light and the desired photograph was taken.

Since the sun is very hard in this photograph, it causes complete tissue loss in the region. Therefore, white form prevails rather than photography. These burns can be partially corrected with aperture or shutter from the machine settings. Although some of them are destroyed with programs such as Photoshop, the blight cannot be permanently finished. One of the most guaranteed solutions would be not to frame the sun.

Mistake 5: Superposition of speckles

Dots or spots are very important in photography. It is one of the most important elements of photography. However, by overlapping two quality spots, the quality of both decreases. It creates visual pollution that will be pleasing to the eye. This error, which I have tried to explain with photographs in a few examples below, is one of the most common framing errors. Its solution is often very simple. Taking the photo by shifting it at a sufficient angle will eliminate the problem of overlapping.

The main subject in this photograph is that the bird, overlapping with similar colors, could not be separated from the background and disappeared into similarity. Also a wide framing error was added and the item fell to an unnoticed position.
Even though they created similar colors composition, the subject was not superimposed with the background and the expression was very strong, moreover, there was no confusion because the spots (birds) were not superimposed on each other.

6. Error: Using the wrong lens or wrong aperture

One of the most important equipment that puts the form of the photo there is lenses. Pictures cannot be taken without a lens. However, there are occasional photographic errors due to the characteristic features of these lenses. The most obvious are distortion in wide-angle lenses. If you are very close to the object, distortion occurs and the object looks different than it is. Such strains are undesirable in the photograph if no special effects are desired. The solution is not difficult either. Moving a little away from the subject or enlarging the focal length.
Another use of lens defects is to make the depth of field quite shallow by using open aperture where open aperture should not be used. Open aperture is acceptable for portraits, but it is a mistake to shoot landscape shots (for artistic purposes) with an open aperture. Aperture and lens should be selected according to the subject.

It is a portrait that fights well with a wide-angle lens. The nose was big, thin face and stiff eyes. When the subject of the photograph sees himself here, he will be contented with laughing …

7. Error: Photographing every frame

With the spread of digital cameras, there has been a huge increase in the number of photos. As the photo quality of mobile phones increased, the number reached the point that could not be imagined. Although it has a positive side, the fact that every frame was pulled down reduced the quality. There has been a shift from artistic photography to documentation photography. I see one of the most important photo mistakes as this: photographing everything as soon as possible. I can accept the documentation. It would be nice to be able to say “I was on the ground, look at this, this is the picture” 10 years later. But I am uncomfortable with the fact that the young generation uses the phone cameras as a toy. He should think about what is the camera frame, what should I frame-shoot? (There are so many examples of this type of error … I couldn’t decide which one to choose here. Anyway, everyone reading this article has plenty of examples on their mobile phones :))

If the mistakes I tried to explain humble above are not made, ‘How is the frame adjusted while taking a photo? The answer to the question will emerge spontaneously. Therefore, it can create aesthetic photographs that are pleasing to the eye. Please do not pass the photos and take care …

“The photograph should make the photographer feel its presence.”

Let your light be of good quality …

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