What is Exposure Compensation? When to Use What is its importance?

Hello dear followers of fotografmania. In this article, we focused on exposure and exposure compensation. We tried to explain what is exposure, EV, what is exposure compensation, the importance of exposure compensation, and where and how to use exposure compensation.

What is Exposure? What is Exposure (Pose) Compensation

Let’s start by defining the exposure before its compensation. Exposure is taking the picture. The correct exposure is to take the photo under normal light conditions (with the right aperture, right shutter and correct iso). The photo should not be too dark or too bright in the correct exposure. It should be pleasing to the eye in terms of light. Exposure compensation is the process of getting more or less light by interfering with the usual exposure that the camera has made for us.

One of the two photos taken with exposure bracketing was taken with -1 exposure. The bottom photo was taken with normal exposure. You can choose which of the photos taken with exposure bracketing.
Since these two pictures were taken in A mode, exposure compensation was made using the shutter speed. Looking at the Exif information, it is seen that the first photo was taken at 1/2000 and the second photo was taken with 1/1000 sec.

As it is known, cameras make accurate measurements and correct exposure as they are taught. But they can also be mistaken from time to time. Or we may not want a photo with the right exposure. We may want to make a different effect. Therefore, the exposure of the camera can be interfered. Just at that moment, exposure compensation takes effect. We can change the light setting in + or – direction and make the photo appear dark or bright. The cameras have a wheel or a button for exposure compensation. The wheel is rather available in advanced cameras. The button is located on lower segment machines. Some entry-level machines don’t even have an exposure compensation button, like many shortcut buttons; you may need to enter the menu to make settings. It is very simple to use under any circumstances. If you increase the variable in + direction, the photo will be brighter than it is, if you go in the – direction, the photo will be darker than it is. That is all.
Exposure compensation units may vary from machine to machine. In most of them, 1/3 of 1 complete stop has been cascaded. In some 1/2 of 1 full stop.

How to Use Exposure Compensation

The principle of operation of exposure compensation is the easy replacement of the magnificent trio (diaphragm-shutter-ISO) by the camera. We do not waste time adjusting one by one. For example, if you are shooting in A mode, the camera will compensate by changing the shutter speed. In S mode, it compensates by changing the aperture value. Exposure compensation does not work in automatic mode; Everything is automatic anyway, no compensation is required. Compensation does not work in full manual mode either; because we discard all values. We will not leave a setting that can waste the machine. In manual mode, if ISO is automatic, then ISO is compensated by changing. Waste can be used in semi-automatic modes (A, S, P).

Tracking Exposure from the Camera

The exposure value is tracked from the exposure chart on the camera screen. In automatic or semi-automatic modes, the value in the chart is always zero (0). Different values ​​may appear depending on the components we assign in manual mode. When exposure compensation is executed, the exposure chart will show your desired value. There will be progress in the + direction if the photograph will be bright on the chart, and – if it will be closed. This chart will appear on the upper auxiliary screen as well as on the main screen. It is also seen when looking through the viewfinder. Use or not use the compensation so that the desired photo can be taken should be in this chart. I recommend that you review the values ​​in the chart each time without pressing the shutter button.

The exposure dial is an easy, useful and important alternative to intervene directly in photography. If it was not important, the cameras would not have a separate dial for this function. Many of the amateur photographers I have encountered are trying to change the main settings by not using exposure compensation. I think we should be more conscious about exposure compensation. We do not prefer to use a very simple method and put ourselves in trouble. If there is, we should use it.

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